southern ocean facts
It extends from the coast of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude, which is just north of the Antarctic Circle (the cold region that surrounds the South Pole). The Southern ocean cover largely around 20 million km 2. Among them are Adelaide port in South Australia and Macquarie Port on Tasmania. Still even in summer ice-breaker ships often need to escort ships on their passage through the Antarctic waters. Since the late 18th century, the Southern Ocean has been a subject of contention to cartographers and geographers with some accepting the existence of the Southern Ocean but some believing that the ocean is just but a southern extension of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. It grows up to 15m/49ft in length! These below-zero temperatures lead to the formation of huge icebergs which float around the ocean with some being hundreds of feet in length. In 1819, for the first time land was sighted south of 60 degrees South latitude. Southern Ocean Facts: Do people live permanently on Antarctica? Where Is The Southern Ocean? The average depth of the world's oceans is 12,200 feet. The Southern Ocean occupies the entire South Pole and encircles the continent of Antarctica. According to the International Hydrographic Bureau, the Southern Ocean is the ocean whose waters lie south of the 60-degree-south latitude but other international scientific organizations such as the National Geographic Society do not recognize the existence of the Southern Ocean when issuing maps but depict the waters around Antarctica as extensions of the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans. They are the Chilean research station 'Villas Las Estrellas' and the Argentinian research station 'Esperanza Base'. 5. As such, it is regarded as the second-smallest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean. Southern Ocean Facts: Icebergs will be encountered in the Southern Ocean during any season, but during May to October there are also strong winds which make crossing the ocean even more dangerous. Southern Ocean Facts: Animals in the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean's lowest point is 7,235 meters (23,737 feet) below sea level in the South Sandwich Trench. It is the fourth largest of the main five oceans of the world. The normal profundity is about 3,200 m or 10,700 ft. During winter half of the Southern Ocean is covered in icebergs and ice. Sir Ernest Shakelton's expedition was the first attempt to cross Antarctica on land, but they only managed to reach 88 degrees South latitude. 10. The total volume of the Southern Ocean is 17.2 million mi 3 of water. Surrounding the South Pole and Antarctica, it is the only ocean that goes all the way around the globe. The Southern Ocean was formed only 30 million years ago when South America and Antarctica separated, making it the youngest ocean. The Southern Ocean is the youngest ocean as it was formed 'only' 30 million years ago when South America and Antarctica moved apart. Read here fun and important facts about our oceans everybody should know. 1. Here are our Top Ten Southern Ocean Facts for Kids with lots of useful info for school projects or to get inspired for your next travels. The Southern Ocean is thus 'emerging' from the waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean in latitudes south of 60 degrees South. The southern parts of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans form the fifth ocean of the world, the Southern Ocean. The most profound point in the Southern Ocean is in the South Sandwich Trench with a profundity of more than 7,000 m 23,000 ft! Southern Ocean Facts The Southern Ocean encompasses the southernmost ocean waters of the world, also referred to as South Polar Ocean, Great Southern Ocean and the Antarctica Ocean. Cartographers and explorers started defining the Southern Ocean in their own terms. Three-quarters of this planet is covered by water bodies, with the biggests ones being the five oceans (the Atlantic, Pacific, Southern, Indian, and Arctic oceans). The deepest point in the Southern Ocean is in the South Sandwich Trench with a depth of over 7,000m 23,000ft! Recent studies conducted around Antarctica have established that ultraviolet radiation from the sun has increased in recent years and has led to the decline in the growth of phytoplankton. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on September 7 2017 in Environment. The total mass of small crustaceans and krill alone in the Southern Ocean reaches, according to scientists, 2.2 billion tons. It means the waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans around the continent of Antarctica out to sixty degrees south latitude.Some people call this ocean the Antarctic Ocean.. The depth of the Southern Ocean ranges between 13,000 feet and 16,000 feet. It is larger than the Arctic Ocean but smaller than the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. However, the size of the Southern Ocean is not fixed as the ocean is believed to be drifting by a few inches each year. The name 'Pacific' come from the Latin word 'pacificus' which means peaceful. The Southern Ocean includes a continental shelf, oceanic basins farther north, narrow oceanic trenches with high reliefs (as seen in the South Sandwich Islands), as well as oceanic plateaus. The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean of the world and covers more than 30% of the Earth's surface.. 4. The biggest of the seals are the elephant seals which weigh up to 4,000kg/8,818lb. The Southern Ocean occupies an area approximately 7.8 million square miles making it the fourth largest ocean in the world behind the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and the Indian Ocean but is significantly larger than the Arctic Ocean. You may also like: 20 Interesting Aral Sea Facts Fascinating Indian Ocean Facts: 16-20. The Southern Ocean is the second smallest ocean—only the Arctic Ocean is smaller. Southern Ocean Facts: Animals in the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean’s proximity to the south pole causes it to experience one of the most extreme weather conditions with the sea temperatures coming just above freezing point, ranging between negative (-) 2 degrees and 10 degrees Celsius. Some seal species hunt underwater and breed on land or on ice. Southern Ocean Facts: 1-5 | Definitions of Southern Ocean 1. The total volume of this ocean stands at 292,131,000 cubic kilometers. 5. The icebergs present a natural hazard to ships which sail around the Southern Ocean as a collision with a large iceberg can cause a shipwreck. Name: The Southern Ocean is also referred to as the Antarctic Ocean, South Polar Ocean or Austral Ocean. The ocean is also home to a variety of birds including the usual Antarctic resident, the penguin which has several species living in the Southern Ocean such as the emperor penguin, the rockhopper penguin and the king penguin. The Southern Ocean is located in the southern hemisphere, south of 60 degrees South latitude. 9. Picture Credits for Southern Ocean Facts Page: Shutterstock.com, Back from Southern Ocean Facts to General Ocean Facts for Kids, Return from Southern Ocean Facts to Kids-World-Travel-Guide Homepage. There are also several species of invertebrates living in the Southern Ocean, but only few species of fish. The Southern Ocean encompasses the South Pole. Location: Where is the Southern Ocean? The geographical facts about Indian Ocean depict the diversity of this Ocean through 57 islands groups, 16 African countries and 18 Asian countries being connected directly through its waters. 16. The Southern Ocean is one of the world’s five oceans. Geographers divide the ocean into five major basins: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern. The mountain Mauna Kea in Hawaii rises 33,474 feet from its base. Fun Facts about the Ocean. 3. 15. Big iceberg fragments (huge junks of ice) drift in the water. Despite the fact that its waters are very cold, many living creatures live here. Very high winds mean that the Southern Ocean is choppy, with huge waves. Size: How big is the Southern Ocean? Discover Southern Ocean animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! The Antarctic coastline has, however, also some few ice-free areas, even in winter. The biggest of the seals are the elephant seals which weigh up to 4,000kg/8,818lb. Ports: There are only a few ports in the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean is the ocean surrounding Antarctica. These settlements are small, with less than 100 people in winter. The marine mammals found in the Southern Ocean include the largest animals in the history of the world; the blue whale which is found in significant numbers around the ocean due to the abundance of Antarctic krill on which the blue whale feeds. Very high winds mean that the Southern Ocean is choppy, with huge waves. However, climate change is noticeable also there, as in March 2015, the highest temperature recorded was 17 degC/62F! The ports belong mainly to research stations, such as the Rothera Station (British research base), Palmer Station (USA), Mawson Station (Australia), but the southernmost ports in Australia are recognised also as ports of the Southern Ocean. Simply copy and past this text: Kids World Travel Guide: Southern Ocean Facts for Kids, on earth and covers only 6% of the earthâs surface, Read more on the Southern Ocean in the CIA World Fact Book, Read more about the amazing Volvo Ocean Race (the next race will be held in 2017) here, Great short video (3mins) by National Geographic about 'Exploring Antarctica', My Magic Country | Fantasy Country | Dream World | Competition 2020, Essay Competition Winners 2020 | K-W-T-G | Winning Essays | My Country, Diwali Facts for Kids | Deepavali | Festival of Lights | Traditions, Â©Kids-World-Travel-Guide.com 2010-2020 | Created by Regina GrÃ¤ff The Southern Ocean is the world’s fourth-largest ocean. Parts of the ocean freeze in winter, forming huge sheets of ice. The Southern Ocean is the ocean around Antarctica.It was a new term in geography officially created in 2000. Our Diwali Facts for Kids will explain the most important Hindu festival and tell you about traditions, food and festivities. They can big several hundred metres high! … The increased solar radiation emanates from an ozone hole in Antarctica and has also led to the alteration of DNA in some fish species. Many other smaller ports or larger cities are connected indirectly through navigational options of this ocean. The Southern Ocean has a volume of 71,800,000 cubic kilometers (17,225,000 cubic miles). The total area is 20,327,000 km², and the coastline length is 17,968 km. It's very cold, and it's the fourth largest ocean in the world - but there are only five oceans, so that means it's pretty small. The Southern Ocean has typical depths of between 4,000 and 5,000 meters (13,000 and 16,000 feet) over most of its extent with only … The southernmost port in the Southern Ocean is McMurdo Station, which is an American research base, built on Antarctic land claimed by New Zealand. There are no indigenous people on Antarctica. The five world oceans are the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. The climatic conditions of Southern Ocean depend on the seasons. The majority of the Southern Ocean is made up of deep waters with few areas having shallow waters. Surrounding the South Pole and Antarctica, it is the only ocean that goes all the way around the globe. These icebergs contain huge amounts of fresh water which are estimated to provide enough freshwater for all people in the world for several months.